IHRA “Working Definition” of Antisemitism

A “working definition” on antisemitism was developed by the European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia in 2004. It was adopted by the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) in 2016.

What Constitutes Fair and Unfair Criticism of Israel? Dec. 5, 2019 (Article/Essay), by Rhoda...

A professor emeritus at Wilfrid Laurier University, Rhoda Howard-Hassmann, makes an argument for what constitutes legitimate and illegitimate criticism of Israel. Howard-Hassmann’s examination of the issues surrounding Israel, Palestine, and foreign involvement comes after the 2019 Canadian vote at the United Nations for establishment of a Palestinian state.

Anti-Zionism and Anti-Semitism: A Debate between Michael Walzer and Joshua Leifer, Fall 2019 (Article/Essay),...

Michael Walzer, editor emeritus of Dissent magazine, states his concerns about left-wing anti-Zionism in the United States and Europe, and argues that criticizing the governments and policies of Israel should not involve opposition to the existence of the state itself. Walzer believes that the issue with anti-Zionism is anti-Zionism itself. Walzer is challenged by the associate editor of Dissent, Joshua Leifer, who presents a much different view. He argues that what Zionism has actually come to mean and symbolize is much different than the version Walzer describes, and defends those on the left who are committed to human rights for all. Leifer believes the on-the-ground political reality faced by Palestinians and the continuity of the Israeil government’s policies over time, paint a much different picture of Zionism.

Debate: Is anti-Zionism anti-Semitic? April 19, 2020 (Article/Essay), By Ari Hoffman and Joel Swanson

Contributing columnists at the Forward, Ari Hoffman and Joel Swanson, debate whether anti-Zionism is antisemitism. The writers exchange responses to each other’s perspective on issues surrounding Zionism, antisemitism, Israel, politics, and more, in both the historical and modern contexts.

Anti-Zionism Isn’t Anti-Semitism. Except When It Is., Jan. 22, 2020, (Article/Essay), by Andrew Silow-Carroll

The editor in chief of the NY Jewish Week, Andrew Silow-Carroll, challenges the argument that anti-Zionism is not inherently antisemitic by pointing to the emotional toll anti-Zionism takes on the Jewish population, the historical complexities of Jews and Israel, and the way in which anti-Zionism and anti-Israel sentiments are embraced in progressive politics.

Labour, the Left, Antisemitism, Israel and Palestine: a way forward, June 10, 2019 (Article/Essay),...

British Labour Party politician Peter Hain and policy analyst Daniel Levy call on the UK Labour Party to rid itself of antisemitism, be sensitive and informed about the broader Jewish community and its relationship to Israel, and simultaneously support critical conversation and debate about the treatment of Palestinians and Middle East peace processes. Hain and Levy offer critique, analysis, and calls to action for the Labour party.